"Effective the 1st of January within the city of…", will be the theme for this article. Today we will be covering the numerous changes many cities across the country had to their specific labor law postings for 2023. California alone had 28 out of the 35 cities update their required labor law postings! However on the opposite coast, changes have been comparatively quiet with the only east coast city receiving a mandatory update being Portland, Maine.
Most city specific Labor Law changes were simply amendments to that city's minimum wage posting to display the most current minimum wage, though there are some that had changes separate from their minimum wage posting, and some had both. Throughout this article, we'll walk you through all of the mandatory changes for 2023 and hopefully, this will prove to be a useful resource for you and your firm.
You can click on the city you are specifically interested in knowing more about in the Table of Contents below to be directed towards the information you are most concerned about.
Table of Contents
Albuquerque, New Mexico
First entry on the list is Albuquerque, New Mexico, which had a $0.50 increase to the non-tipped minimum wage from $11.50/hr to $12.00/hr effective January 1st 2023. Tipped wages have also received an increase, being a $0.30 raise from $6.90/hr to $7.20/hr, where the employer has to make up the difference if, through tips and wages, the employee does not make $12.00/hr.
The City of Belmont, California, released their new minimum wage posting effective January 1st 2023, indicating a minimum wage within the city of $16.75/hr. This is a $0.55 increase from last year's minimum wage of $16.20/hr. Notably, employers may not use tips to offset the wages of tipped employees - meaning that tipped employees get tips on top of the mandatory $16.75/hr within the city.
Effective January 1st, 2023, the minimum wage within Burlingame, California, has been established at $16.47/hr. This is a $0.87 increase over the previous minimum wage of $15.60/hr, which like the previous city in this article, has no exceptions for tipped employees.
Cupertino California has released their minimum wage effective January 1st, 2023, with a $0.80 increase from $16.40/hr to $17.20/hr as part of an annual adjustment to the city's minimum wage provisioned within Ordinance No. 2151.
Daly City, California
Just outside of San Francisco, California, Daly City has released their own city-specific minimum wage posting for 2023. The minimum wage within the city has been increased by $0.54 from $15.53/hr to $16.07/hr. Like many other cities within the State of California, this change is a part of an annual update to the minimum wage within the city, in this case set by Ordinance No. 1425. Tips and benefits such as vacation/sick time cannot be used to offset the minimum wage of any employee within the city.
In Denver, Colorado, the minimum wage within the city has been increased by $1.41 from $15.87/hr to $17.29/hr based on the Consumer Price Index as calculated by the Denver Department of Finance. Employers may use a maximum of $3.02/hr in tip credit to offset the wages of employees working within the food and beverage industry. Lastly, unemancipated minors engaging in work in accordance with a city certified youth employment program may pay those minors 15% below the minimum wage within the city.
El Cerrito, California
The City of El Cerrito, California, has released their own minimum wage effective January 1st 2023 within their city boundaries. There has been a $0.98 increase of the minimum wage within the city from $16.37 to $17.35/hr. An interesting caveat regarding the Minimum Wage Posting itself, is that if 10% or more of the employees at a jobsite speak a language other than English, the Minimum Wage Posting must also be printed in that language.
There has been a $1.30 increase of the minimum wage within Flagstaff Arizona for non-tipped employees from $15.50/hr to $16.80/hr. Interestingly, the tipped wage in Flagstaff saw a greater increase of $1.80 from $13.00 to $14.80 within the city limits effective January 1st, 2023. The goal within the city is to make the tipped minimum wage and the standard minimum wage equal to each other by 2026.
Foster City, California
Foster City, California has enacted a $0.75 increase in the minimum wage within city limits from $15.75/hr to $16.50/hr. This minimum wage applies to any employee who works 2 hours or more a week, regardless of age or tipped income. This update to the minimum wage posting is mandatory and effective January 1st, 2023.
Half Moon Bay, California
Within the City of Half Moon Bay, California, the minimum wage has been increased by $0.89 from $15.56/hr to $16.45/hr effective January 1st, 2023. This change is based on the Consumer Price Index, which in the last year was at 3.7%
There are two separate minimum wages in Hayward, California where 1) is for "large employers", defined as having 26 or more workers, and 2) is for "small employers" with 25 or fewer workers. Both got raised to new rates effective January 1st, 2023. Firstly, "large employers" must pay a minimum wage of $16.34/hr - a $0.78 increase over the previous year's minimum wage of $15.56/hr. On the other hand, "small employers" must pay a minimum wage of $15.50/hr - a $0.98 increase over the previous year's minimum wage of $14.52/hr.
Las Cruces, New Mexico
Just north of El Paso, Texas, the City of Las Cruces, New Mexico has released their new minimum wage posting with the updated minimum wage for the city effective January 1st, 2023. The non-tipped minimum wage within the city has increased by $0.50 from the previous $11.50/hr to today's $12.00/hr. The tipped wage has also seen an increase, being a raise of $0.20 from $2.80/hr to $3.00/hr.
Los Altos, California
The City of Los Altos, California published the scheduled minimum wage increase within the city; an annual occurrence provisioned within Los Altos Ordinance No. 2016-424 based on the Bay Area Consumer Price Index. The city saw a $0.80 increase from $16.40/hr to $17.20/hr.
Menlo Park, California
Effective January 1st, 2023, the City of Menlo Park has enacted a $0.45 increase of the minimum hourly wage within the city, based on the maximum allowed inflation adjustment of 3%. In essence, the minimum wage within the city was raised from $15.75/hr to $16.20/hr.
Mountain View, California
There has been a whole $1.05 increase of the minimum wage within Mountain View, California, from $17.10/hr to $18.15/hr effective January 1st, 2023. Employers who must follow this new change are those who are subject to the Mountain View Business License Tax, or maintain a facility in Mountain View.
Novato, California, is the first city in this article that has three minimum wages, with these minimum wages being separated by the size of the business. First, "small businesses" are defined as having 25 or fewer employees. Second, "large businesses" are defined as having anywhere between 26 to 99 employees. Lastly, "very large businesses" are defined as having 100 or more employees. A minimum wage of $15.53/hr must be paid to employees of a small business, $16.07/hr to employees of a large business, and $16.32/hr to employees of a very large business. All three are effective January 1st, 2023.
Did you know Oakland, California has a separate minimum wage rate for those working within the hotel industry? I'll keep it straight with you and admit I did not until researching for this article. The normal minimum wage within the city has been raised to $15.97/hr whilst the hotel minimum wage has been raised to $17.37/hr with benefits, or alternatively, $23.15/hr without benefits. Both of these changes are effective January 1st 2023 and are listed on the updated mandatory Oakland Minimum Wage Posting.
Palo Alto, California
Effective January 1st, 2023, the minimum wage within Palo Alto, California, has been increased by $0.85 from $16.45/hr to $17.30/hr. The mandatory Minimum Wage Posting was released on the 28th of September, 2022, to show the new minimum wage starting in 2023. Also, included is the Palo Alto "Know Your Rights" notice which describes certain worker rights and remedies.
The City of Petaluma has increased the minimum wage within the city by $1.21 from $15.85/hr to 17.06/hr effective January 1st, 2023. This change is a part of the city ordinance passed unanimously on August 5th, 2019 by the Petaluma City Council.
Unlike the other entries within this article, Portland, Maine, is the only city on the East Coast. All other cities mentioned are either within the South West or West Coast. Like almost every other city in this article though, Portland, Maine, has published a new minimum wage notice to reflect the new minimum wage within the city, effective January 1st, 2023. The city's minimum wage has been increased by $1.00 from $13.00/hr to $14.00/hr. An exception to this ruling includes employees who earn more than $175 a month in tips, who then may be paid a lower minimum wage of $7.00/hr (previously $6.50/hr). One interesting caveat for all of this is when an emergency order is in effect within the city, the minimum wage within the city is 150% more than usual.
The City of Redwood, California, has increased their minimum wage by $0.80 from $16.20/hr to $17.00/hr. This change is based on the Consumer Price Index which is capped at 5%, and includes a "catch-up" provision to allow the minimum wage to catch up with inflation in the following years. The $17.00/hr minimum wage within Redwood, California is effective January 1st, 2023.
Richmond is among the many cities within California who have had an updated version of their minimum wage posting updated to reflect the increased minimum wage within the city. The city saw a $0.63 increase of the minimum wage from $15.54/hr to $16.17/hr. The new minimum wage and associated posting is effective January 1st, 2023.
San Carlos, California
San Carlos, California, has had a $0.55 increase of the minimum wage within the city from $15.77/hr to $16.32/hr effective January 1st, 2023. The city states that going forward, every year the minimum wage for the city will then be adjusted by referencing the Consumer Price Index to a maximum of 3.5%, very similar to many other Californian cities.
San Diego, California
The minimum wage within San Diego, California, has been increased by a whole $1.30 from $15.00/hr to $16.30/hr effective January 1st, 2023. This change is of course joined by an update to the San Diego Minimum Wage Posting which now shows the correct minimum wage for 2023.
San Francisco, California
At last, we have the first city on this list that did not have a new/updated minimum wage posting. For San Francisco, there has been an update to their Health Care Security Ordinance Posting that now dictates that employers must make health care expenditures on a quarterly basis for every employee of $3.40/hr for employers with 100 or more workers and $2.27/hr for employers who have between 20 to 99 workers. Employers with less than 20 workers (50 for non-profits) do not have to meet this requirement. Employees who make more than $114,141 a year or $58.88/hr are also exempt from this requirement.
South San Francisco, California
South San Francisco (separate from San Francisco) has had a $0.90 increase of the minimum wage within the city from $15.80/hr to $16.70/hr. This change and related posting are effective January 1st, 2023, for all businesses operating inside the geographic boundaries of the City of South San Francisco.
San Jose, California
The City of San Jose has published their own updated minimum wage posting with a $0.80 increase from $16.20/hr to $17.00/hr effective January 1st, 2023. This is a part of one of the older city ordinances within California regarding a city specific minimum wage, starting back on the 6th of November, 2012.
San Mateo, California
Effective January 1st, 2023, the minimum wage for San Mateo, California, is now $16.75/hr for all individuals working inside the city. This is a $0.55 increase from the previous year's minimum wage for San Mateo of $16.20/hr.
Santa Clara, California
Santa Clara, California, increased the minimum wage by $0.80 from $16.40/hr to $17.20/hr effective January 1st, 2023. Like most other cities within the State of California, this minimum wage applies to any employee inside the geographic boundaries of the city who works at least 2 hours a week.
Santa Rosa, California
The City of Santa Rosa has just recently increased the minimum wage within their city by $1.21 from $15.85/hr to $17.06/hr effective January 1st, 2023. This increase is based on the Bay Area CPI-W adjustment to ensure the minimum wage an employee can be paid for working in the city is able to support that employee with inflation increases experienced by the city.
Effective January 1st, 2023, the City of Seatac has now implemented the highest minimum wage that is not specific to any industry, now sitting at $19.06/hr. Also like many other cities within this article, other forms of income such as tips or commissions, cannot be used to credit against or declared as part of the wage rates for employees covered.
Seattle, Washington, has implemented an increased minimum wage effective January 1st, 2023, within the city of $18.69/hr for individuals working for employers with more than 500 employees ($1.41 increase). Those working for employers with less than 500 employees and pay $2.19/hr towards medical benefits or who's employees earn $2.19/hr in tips may pay as low as $16.50/hr ($0.75 increase).
Additionally, Seattle has also released new/updated postings for 2023 regarding their Wage Theft Posting, Fair Chance Posting, and lastly their Paid Sick Posting. This undoubtedly makes Seattle the city within the United States who has had the most mandatory labor law posting changes, and subsequently, employers within the city need the highest number of updated postings to be compliant in 2023.
The City of Sonoma has had a $1.00 increase of the minimum wages paid by both Large Employers and Small Employers. Large Employers are defined as having 26 or more employees, who are allowed to pay a minimum wage of $17.00/hr. Small Employers are defined as having 25 or less employees, who are allowed to pay a minimum wage of $16.00/hr. Both of these minimum wage changes are effective January 1st, 2023.
The City of Sunnyvale, California, now has a minimum wage of $17.95/hr effective January 1st, 2023. This is a $1.55 increase over last year's minimum wage of $16.40/hr. The ordinance responsible for this increase was originally part of the state-wide "fight for $15", which after hitting $15.00/hr by 2018, now simply adjusts the minimum wage within the city by an amount corresponding to the Consumer Price Index on a yearly basis.
West Hollywood, California
For the last entry in this article, West Hollywood, California, has followed suit like many other cities within California who've increased the minimum wage and increased their own city-specific minimum wages based on the various qualifiers we'll talk about later. Hotel Employees are paid a minimum of $18.35/hr, employees at large businesses (50 or more employees) are paid a minimum of $17.50/hr, and employees at small businesses (less than 50 employees) are paid a minimum of $17.00/hr. These changes are effective January 1st, 2023. Though effective July 1st, 2023, all wages will be set to $18.86/hr and will require new postings, so stay tuned for updates.
At the end of the day, 35 cities within the United States had important changes made to their mandatory labor law postings. Every single one of those cities had a change to their Minimum Wage Notice with the exception of San Francisco, California. Many of these changes can be tricky to find the official postings for, even if you know the change has happened! After spending countless hours determining the needs of your business in terms of mandatory Labor Law Postings, another year will turn and countless updates and changes will have to be made in order to ensure compliance with new regulations are met. After ensuring every physical location meets all federal, state, county, and city level requirements, you now must ensure your online workplace is also compliant. Labor Law Compliance Center offers our eViewer as a solution to all online workplace labor law postings, and is continuously updated to ensure your online workplace always has the updated and correct labor law postings for whatever your needs are. Click here to learn more about how eViewer can help keep your online workplace compliant.